Nutrition therapy starts with the identification of patients with an increased risk of malnutrition. There are various "screening tools" recognised in medical practice for this purpose. The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recommends the use of the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002). The treatment team should perform the screening within 24 h after hospital admission. With this application, the NRS-2002 can be easily calculated online 1.
The NRS-2002 quantifies the risk of malnutrition in adults based on nutritional status disorder (BMI, weight loss, food intake), severity of illness and age over 70 years on a scoring scale of 0-7:
|BMI||Body Mass Index|
|ESPEN||European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism|
|ICD||International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems|
|NRS||Nutritional Risk Screening|