Urinary Creatinine Excretion and Lean Body Mass

Americn Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1976 Dec; 29(12):1359-66. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/29.12.1359.
Forbes, G. B., & Bruining, G. J.


In a group of 34 adult and child subjects a high correlation (r = 0.988) was found between lean body mass, as determined by potassium-40 counting, and urinary creatinine excretion. The effect of technical errors was reduced by averaging the results of two or three 40K assays on each subject, and by making consecutive 3-day collections of urine. It appears that one can make a reasonable estimate of lean body mass from urinary creatinine excretion.

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List of abbreviations

DGEM German Society for Nutritional Medicine (German Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährungsmedizin)
GESKES  Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition (German Gesellschaft für klinische Ernährung der Schweiz) 
ESPEN European Society of Clinicl Nutrition and Metabolism