Screening for Malnutrition in the Community: The MUST Tool

British Journal Community Nursing. 2008 Sep; 13(9):406, 408, 410-2. doi: 10.12968/bjcn.2008.13.9.30910.
Scott A.


The National Screening Survey (Bapen, 2008) revealed that malnutr common in all care settings, all diagnostic categories and all age groups, and originates largely in the community. The report recommends that community-based strategies should be established to detect, prevent and treat malnutrition. Community nurses are well-positioned to impact this problem and the first step is identifying those individuals who are at risk. Part 1 of this two-part article will provide an overview of nutritional screening and look at how malnourished patients can be identified in the community, with a focus on the practicalities of the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (BAPEN, 2003). Part 2 will offer practical guidance on how to manage patients identified as being at high risk of malnutrition.

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Reference work for leading, current and selected literature in the field of clinical nutrition

Publications on clinical nutrition have grown steadily in recent years and the scientific evidence has been improved by numerous observational as well as intervention studies. Various umbrella organisations, such as the Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition (GESKES), the German Society for Nutritional Medicine (DGEM) or the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) publish guidelines on nutrition in various clinical situations at regular intervals. Thus, a large amount of literature is available for evidence-based nutritional medicine.

The NutriBib aims to filter out authoritative publications in the various fields of nutritional medicine and thus to provide an overview of the abundance of literature. A large number of experienced nutrition experts contributed to the selection of relevant sources and allow a broadly based selection. Nevertheless, the literature selection cannot be considered exhaustive. Specific literature can be found by entering search words (using the magnifying glass at the top right) or by searching the table of contents.

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List of abbreviations

DGEM German Society for Nutritional Medicine (German Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährungsmedizin)
GESKES  Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition (German Gesellschaft für klinische Ernährung der Schweiz) 
ESPEN European Society of Clinicl Nutrition and Metabolism