Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2007; 21(4):657-69. doi: 10.1016/j.bpg.2007.03.002.
Cogliandro, R. F., De Giorgio, R., Barbara, G., Cogliandro, L., Concordia, A., Corinaldesi, R., & Stanghellini, V.


Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) is a severe functional digestive syndrome characterised by a derangement of gut propulsive motility which resembles mechanical obstruction. It may be associated with disabling and potentially life-threatening complications. CIPO can be secondary to a variety of diseases, but it is more frequently idiopathic. Most cases are sporadic, but familial forms have also been described. Based on histological features CIPO can be classified into three major entities: neuropathies, mesenchymopathies, and myopathies depending on the predominant involvement of enteric neurones, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) or smooth muscle cells, respectively. Mitochondriopathies may be responsible for a syndromic form of CIPO, i.e. mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy. Management of CIPO involves nutritional, pharmacological and surgical therapies, but the long-term outcome turns out to be poor in the vast majority of cases. The main pathogenetic and clinical features of the syndrome, together with current management recommendations are reviewed in this chapter.

Information NutriBib

Reference work for leading, current and selected literature in the field of clinical nutrition

Publications on clinical nutrition have grown steadily in recent years and the scientific evidence has been improved by numerous observational as well as intervention studies. Various umbrella organisations, such as the Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition (GESKES), the German Society for Nutritional Medicine (DGEM) or the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) publish guidelines on nutrition in various clinical situations at regular intervals. Thus, a large amount of literature is available for evidence-based nutritional medicine.

The NutriBib aims to filter out authoritative publications in the various fields of nutritional medicine and thus to provide an overview of the abundance of literature. A large number of experienced nutrition experts contributed to the selection of relevant sources and allow a broadly based selection. Nevertheless, the literature selection cannot be considered exhaustive. Specific literature can be found by entering search words (using the magnifying glass at the top right) or by searching the table of contents.

Is important literature still missing? We would be very pleased to hear from you:

List of abbreviations

DGEM German Society for Nutritional Medicine (German Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährungsmedizin)
GESKES  Swiss Society for Clinical Nutrition (German Gesellschaft für klinische Ernährung der Schweiz) 
ESPEN European Society of Clinicl Nutrition and Metabolism